Track updates

AS 4685.1:2021


Playground equipment and surfacing, Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods (EN 1176-1:2017, MOD)

Adopts and modifies EN 1176-1:2017 for Australia, which specifies general safety requirements for permanently installed public playground equipment and surfacing. Additional safety requirements for specific pieces of playground equipment are specified in subsequent parts of this document.KEYWORDS: Public playgrounds; Equipment; Surfacing; Children
Published: 29/01/2021
Pages: 102
Inclusive of GST
Available formats
Available formats
Web Reader
Instantly view standards in your browser. Search, bookmark, highlight, and comment for anytime access - online and offline.
Web Reader (PDF)
View standards in PDF format in your browser. Search, bookmark, highlight, and comment for anytime access - online and offline.
Web Reader
1 user
Add to cart
visa logo
mastercard logo
amex logo
Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
About this publication
European foreword
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Safety requirements
4.1 Materials
4.1.1 General
4.1.2 Flammability
4.1.3 Timber and associated products
4.1.4 Metals
4.1.5 Synthetics
4.1.6 Dangerous substances
4.2 Design and manufacture
4.2.1 General
4.2.2 Structural integrity
4.2.3 Accessibility for adults
4.2.4 Protection against falling General Handrails Guardrails Barriers Strength requirements Grip requirements Grasp requirements
4.2.5 Finish of equipment
4.2.6 Moving parts
4.2.7 Protection against entrapment General Entrapment of the head and neck Entrapment of clothing/hair Entrapment of the whole body Entrapment of the foot or leg Entrapment of fingers
4.2.8 Protection against injuries during movement and falling Determination of free height of fall Determination of spaces and areas General Minimum space Free space Extent of the impact area Extent of the falling space Protection against injuries in the free space for users undergoing a movement that is forced by the equipment Protection against injuries in the falling space Protection against injuries from the surface of the impact area General Equipment with a free height of fall greater than 600 mm or with forced movement Equipment with a free height of fall not exceeding 600 mm and without forced movement Adjacent platforms Protection against injuries due to other types of movement
4.2.9 Means of access Ladders Stairs Ramps Steep play elements Easily accessible playground equipment
4.2.10 Connections
4.2.11 Consumable components
4.2.12 Ropes Ropes fixed at one end Ropes fixed at both ends (climbing ropes) Wire ropes Sheathed wire ropes Fibre ropes (textile type)
4.2.13 Chains
4.2.14 Foundations
4.2.15 Heavy suspended rigid beams
4.2.16 Bouncing facilities General Enclosures of bouncing facilities
5 Verification of compliance and reports
5.1 General
5.2 Confirming the adequate level of impact attenuation after installation of impact attenuating surfacing
6 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier
6.1 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier of playground equipment
6.1.1 General product information
6.1.2 Pre-information
6.1.3 Installation information
6.1.4 Inspection and maintenance information
6.2 Information to be provided by the manufacturer or supplier of impact attenuating surfacing
6.2.1 Pre-information for impact attenuating surfacing
6.2.2 Installation information for impact attenuating surfacing
6.2.3 Inspection and maintenance information for impact attenuating surfacing
6.2.4 Identification of impact attenuating playground surfacing
7 Marking
7.1 Equipment identification
7.2 Basic level mark
Appendix A
A.1 Permanent loads
A.1.1 General
A.1.2 Loads created by self-weight
A.1.3 Pre-stressing loads
A.1.4 Mass of water
A.2 Variable loads
A.2.1 General
A.2.2 User loads
A.2.3 Snow loads
A.2.4 Wind loads
A.2.5 Temperature loads
A.2.6 Specific loads
A.2.6.1 Swing seats
A.2.6.2 Carousels
A.2.6.3 Cableways
A.2.6.4 Spatial networks
A.2.6.5 Access ladders and stairs
A.2.6.6 Barriers and guard rails
A.2.6.7 Seats
A.2.6.8 Lateral protection of slides
A.3 Number of users on the equipment
A.3.1 General
A.3.2 Number of users on a point
A.3.3 Number of users on line type elements
A.3.4 Number of users on an area
A.3.5 Number of users in a volume
Appendix B
B.1 General principles: Limit state
B.1.1 Limit state
B.1.2 Ultimate limit state
B.1.3 Serviceability limit state
B.2 Load combinations for static analysis
B.3 Worked example of the calculation of user loads (without safety factors)
B.3.1 General
B.3.2 Platform
B.3.3 Barrier
B.3.4 Ladder
B.3.5 Complete structure
B.4 Calculation of forces acting on a swing seat
B.5 Worked examples for forces acting on a swing (without safety factors)
B.6 Calculation of forces acting on the cable of a cableway
B.6.1 General
B.6.2 Worked example for forces acting on a cableway (without safety factors)
Appendix C
C.1 Pass/fail criteria
C.1.1 Load carrying ability
C.1.2 Failure
C.2 Test load for equipment
C.2.1 Load combinations for testing
C.2.2 Safety factor for tests on identical series
C.2.3 Safety factor for tests on a unique product
C.3 Load application
C.3.1 Point loads
C.3.2 Line loads
C.3.3 Area loads
Appendix D
D.1 General
D.2 Head and neck entrapment
D.2.1 Completely bound openings
D.2.1.1 Apparatus
D.2.1.2 Procedure
D.2.2 Partially bound and V-shaped openings
D.2.2.1 Apparatus
D.2.2.2 Procedure
D.3 Entrapment of clothing (toggle test)
D.3.1 Apparatus
D.3.2 Procedure
D.3.2.1 Slides
D.3.2.2 Fireman’s poles
D.3.2.3 Roofs
D.4 Finger entrapment
D.4.1 Apparatus
D.4.2 Procedure
D.5 Chain openings
D.5.1 Apparatus
D.5.2 Procedure
D.6 Measuring rebound effect of a bouncing facility
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G
Appendix H
Appendix I
I.1 General
I.2 France
I.3 Germany
I.3.1 General
I.3.2 Impact attenuating surfacing
Appendix ZZ
ZZ.1 Scope
ZZ.2 Variations
Cited references in this standard
EN 13411-3
Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 3: Ferrules and ferrule-securing
EN ISO 13934-1
Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force and elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934‑1)
EN ISO 9554
Fibre ropes — General specifications (ISO 9554)
EN ISO 4892-3
Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 3: Fluorescent UV lamps (ISO 4892‑3)
EN ISO 2307
Fibre ropes — Determination of certain physical and mechanical properties (ISO 2307)
Content history
DR AS 4685.1:2020
EN 1176-1:2017