Standard
UPDATE AVAILABLE

AS 4685.1:2014

[Superseded]

Playground equipment and surfacing, Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods (EN 1176-1:2008, MOD)

Adopts EN 1176-1:2008 to specify general safety requirements for playground equipment covering materials, design and manufacture.
Published: 24/04/2014
Pages: 90
Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
Header
About this publication
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Safety requirements
4.1 Materials
4.1.1 General
4.1.2 Flammability
4.1.3 Timber and associated products
4.1.4 Metals
4.1.5 Synthetics
4.1.6 Dangerous substances
4.2 Design and manufacture
4.2.1 General
4.2.2 Structural integrity
4.2.3 Accessibility for adults
4.2.4 Protection against falling
4.2.4.1 Types of protection
4.2.4.2 Handrails
4.2.4.3 Guardrails
4.2.4.4 Barriers
4.2.4.5 Strength requirements
4.2.4.6 Grip requirements
4.2.4.7 Grasp requirements
4.2.5 Finish of equipment
4.2.6 Moving parts
4.2.7 Protection against entrapment
4.2.7.1 General
4.2.7.2 Entrapment of the head and neck
4.2.7.3 Entrapment of clothing/hair
4.2.7.4 Entrapment of the whole body
4.2.7.5 Entrapment of the foot or leg
4.2.7.6 Entrapment of fingers
4.2.8 Protection against injuries during movement and falling
4.2.8.1 Determination of free height of fall
4.2.8.2 Determination of spaces and areas
4.2.8.2.1 General
4.2.8.2.2 Minimum space
4.2.8.2.3 Free space
4.2.8.2.4 Extent of the impact area
4.2.8.2.5 Extent of the falling space
4.2.8.3 Protection against injuries in the free space for users undergoing a movement that is forced by the equipment
4.2.8.4 Protection against injuries in the falling space
4.2.8.5 Protection against injuries from the surface of the impact area
4.2.8.5.1 General
4.2.8.5.2 Equipment with a free height of fall greater than 600 mm or with forced movement
4.2.8.5.3 Equipment with a free height of fall not exceeding 600 mm and without forced movement
4.2.8.5.4 Adjacent platforms
4.2.8.6 Protection against injuries due to other types of movement
4.2.9 Means of access
4.2.9.1 Ladders
4.2.9.2 Stairs
4.2.9.3 Ramps
4.2.9.4 Steep play elements
4.2.9.5 Easily accessible playground equipment
4.2.10 Connections
4.2.11 Consumable components
4.2.12 Ropes
4.2.12.1 Ropes fixed at one end
4.2.12.2 Ropes fixed at both ends (climbing ropes)
4.2.12.3 Wire ropes
4.2.12.4 Sheathed wire ropes
4.2.12.5 Fibre ropes (textile type)
4.2.13 Chains
4.2.14 Foundations
4.2.15 Heavy suspended beams
5 Test methods and reports
6 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier
6.1 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier of playground equipment
6.1.1 General product information
6.1.2 Pre-information
6.1.3 Installation information
6.1.4 Inspection and maintenance information
6.1.4.1
6.1.4.2
6.1.4.3
6.2 Information to be provided by the manufacturer or supplier of impact-attenuating surfacing
6.2.1 Pre-information
6.2.2 Installation
6.2.3 Inspection and maintenance
6.2.4 Identification of impact-attenuating playground surfacing
7 Marking
7.1 Equipment identification
7.2 Basic level mark
Annex A
A.1 Permanent loads
A.1.1 General
A.1.2 Self weight
A.1.3 Pre-stressing loads
A.1.4 Mass of water
A.2 Variable loads
A.2.1 General
A.2.2 User loads
A.2.3 Snow loads
A.2.4 Wind loads
A.2.5 Temperature loads
A.2.6 Specific loads
A.2.6.1 Swing seats
A.2.6.2 Carousels
A.2.6.3 Cableways
A.2.6.4 Spatial networks
A.2.6.5 Access ladders and stairs
A.2.6.6 Barriers and guard rails
A.2.6.7 Seats
A.2.6.8 Lateral protection of slides
A.3 Number of users on the equipment
A.3.1 General
A.3.2 Number of users on a point
A.3.3 Number of users on line type elements
A.3.4 Number of users on an area
A.3.5 Number of users in a volume
Annex B
B.1 General principles: Limit state
B.1.1 Limit state
B.1.2 Ultimate limit state
B.1.3 Serviceability limit state
B.2 Load combinations for static analysis
B.3 Worked example of the calculation of user loads (without safety factors)
B.3.1 General
B.3.2 Platform
B.3.3 Barrier
B.3.4 Ladder
B.3.5 Complete structure
B.4 Calculation of forces acting on a swing seat
B.5 Worked examples for forces acting on a swing (without safety factors)
B.6 Calculation of forces acting on the cable of a cableway
B.7 Worked example for forces acting on a cableway (without safety factors)
Annex C
C.1 Pass/fail criteria
C.1.1 Load carrying ability
C.1.2 Failure
C.2 Test load for equipment
C.2.1 Load combinations for testing
C.2.2 Safety factor for tests on identical series
C.2.3 Safety factor for tests on a unique product
C.3 Load application
C.3.1 Point loads
C.3.2 Line loads
C.3.3 Area loads
C.4 Test report
Annex D
D.1 General
D.2 Head and neck entrapment
D.2.1 Completely bound openings
D.2.1.1 Apparatus
D.2.1.2 Procedure
D.2.2 Partially bound and V-shaped openings
D.2.2.1 Apparatus
D.2.2.2 Procedure
D.3 Entrapment of clothing (Toggle test)
D.3.1 Apparatus
D.3.2 Procedure
D.3.2.1 Slides
D.3.2.2 Fireman's poles
D.3.2.3 Roofs
D.4 Finger entrapment
D.4.1 Apparatus
D.4.2 Procedure
Annex E
Annex F
F.1 General
F.2 France
F.3 Germany
F.3.1 General
F.3.2 Children less than 3 years
F.3.3 Impact attenuating surfaces
Bibliography
APPENDIX ZZ
ZZ1 SCOPE
ZZ2 VARIATIONS
Cited references in this standard
EN 1177
Impact attenuating playground surfacing — Determination of critical fall height
EN ISO/IEC 17025
General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories (ISO/IEC 17025:2005)
EN 335-2:2006
Durability of wood and wood-based products — Definition of use classes — Part 2: Application to solid wood
EN 350-2:1994
Durability of wood and wood-based products — Natural durability of solid wood — Part 2: Guide to natural durability and treatability of selected wood species of importance in Europe
EN 1991-1-2
Eurocode 1: Actions on structures — Part 1-2: General actions – Actions on structures exposed to fire
Content history
[Superseded]
[Available Superseded]
DR AS 4685.1
EN 1176-1:2008
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