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AS 4084-1993

[Available Superseded]

Steel storage racking

Specifies the minimum requirements for the design (in permissible stress method), fabrication and erection tolerances, test methods, operation and maintenance of steel storage racking. It applies to adjustable static pallet racking made of cold-formed or hot-rolled steel structural members installed within a building and also where it forms part of the building frame. It does not cover drive-in and drive-through racking, cantilever racking, mobile racking or racking made of materials other than steel. A Commentary to the Standard, which is published separately, provides background material to the requirements of the Standard.
Published: 15/02/1993
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Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
Header
About this publication
PREFACE
1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE
1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
1.3 DEFINITIONS
1.4 NOTATION
1.5 USE OF ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS OR METHODS
1.6 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR RACKING INSTALLATIONS
1.6.1 General
1.6.2 Resistance to minor impact
1.6.3 Bracing to building structures
2 LOADS
2.1 DESIGN LOADS
2.2 VERTICAL IMPACT LOADS
2.3 HORIZONTAL LOADS
2.3.1 General
2.3.2 Loading and off-loading (placement loads)
2.3.3 Initial out-of-plumb
2.4 WIND LOADS
2.5 EARTHQUAKE LOADS
3 DESIGN PROCEDURES
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 METHODS OF STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
3.2.1 Upright-frame design
3.2.2 Beams
3.3 OVERTURNING
4 DESIGN OF COLD-FORMED STEEL ELEMENTS AND MEMBERS
4.1 ELEMENTS
4.2 MEMBERS
4.2.1 Section properties
4.2.2 Flexural members
4.2.3 Axially-loaded compression members
4.2.3.1 General
4.2.3.2 Sections not subject to torsional or torsional-flexural buckling
4.2.3.3 Doubly symmetric or monosymmetric sections subject to torsional-flexural buckling
4.2.3.4 Monosymmetric sections subject to distortional buckling
4.3 COMBINED BENDING AND COMPRESSION
5 UPRIGHT FRAME STABILITY
5.1 EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTORS
5.1.1 General
5.1.2 Flexural buckling in the direction perpendicular to the upright frames
5.1.2.1 Racking not braced against side-sway
5.1.2.2 Racking braced against side-sway
5.1.3 Flexural buckling in the plane of the upright frames
5.1.3.1 Upright frames with non-intersecting diagonal and horizontal braces
5.1.3.2 Upright frames with intersecting diagonal and horizontal braces
5.1.4 Torsional buckling
5.1.5 Compression diagonals and horizontals
5.2 STABILITY OF TRUSSED-BRACED UPRIGHT FRAMES
6 CONNECTIONS AND BEARING PLATES
6.1 GENERAL
6.2 BEAM SUPPORT CONNECTIONS
6.3 BASE PLATES
6.4 CONNECTIONS TO BUILDINGS
6.5 UPRIGHT SPLICES
7 TOLERANCES AND CLEARANCES
7.1 FINISHED TOLERANCES IN UNLOADED CONDITION
7.2 UNIT LOAD CLEARANCES
8 TEST METHODS
8.1 INTRODUCTION
8.1.1 General
8.1.2 Testing apparatus and fixtures
8.1.3 Instrumentation
8.1.4 Reduction and presentation of test data
8.1.5 Evaluation of test for determining structural performance
8.2 STUB COLUMN TESTS
8.2.1 Test specimen and procedure
8.2.2 Evaluation of test results
8.3 PALLET BEAM TESTS
8.3.1 Simply supported pallet beam tests
8.3.1.1 General
8.3.1.2 Test set-up
8.3.1.3 Test procedure
8.3.1.4 Evaluation of test results
8.3.2 Pallet beam in upright frames assembly tests
8.3.2.1 General
8.3.2.2 Test set-up
8.3.2.3 Test procedure
8.3.2.4 Evaluation of test results
8.4 PALLET BEAM TO COLUMN CONNECTION TESTS
8.4.1 Cantilever test
8.4.1.1 General
8.4.1.2 Test set-up
8.4.1.3 Test procedure
8.4.1.4 Evaluation of test results
8.4.2 Portal test
8.4.2.1 General
8.4.2.2 Test set-up
8.4.2.3 Test procedure
8.4.2.4 Evaluation of test results
8.5 UPRIGHT FRAME TEST
8.5.1 General
8.5.2 Horizontal load in the direction perpendicular to the upright frame
8.5.2.1 Test set-up for symmetrical loading condition
8.5.2.2 Test procedure for symmetrical loading condition
8.5.2.3 Evaluation of test results for symmetrical loading condition
8.5.2.4 Test set-up and test procedure for unsymmetrical loading condition
8.5.3 Horizontal load in the direction parallel to the plane of upright frame
8.5.3.1 Test set-up
8.5.3.2 Test procedure
8.5.3.3 Evaluation of test results
9 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF ADJUSTABLE PALLET RACKING
9.1 GENERAL
9.1.1 Safe working loads
9.1.2 Alteration of the racking installation
9.1.3 Operating instructions
9.1.4 Hazardous situations
9.1.5 Damage report
9.2 INSPECTIONS
9.3 DAMAGE DUE TO IMPACT
9.3.1 General
9.3.2 Uprights
9.3.3 Bracing
9.3.4 Beams
9.3.5 Connectors
9.4 OUT-OF-PLUMB OF RACKING
Cited references in this standard
[Superseded]
The design of earthquake-resistant buildings (known as the SAA Earthquake Code)
[Superseded]
Cold-formed Steel Structures Code
[Withdrawn]
The use of steel in structures (known as the SAA Steel Structures Code)
[Superseded]
Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) — Wind loads
Content history
[Pending Revision]
DR 90146