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SA TS 199:2023


Design of geopolymer and alkali-activated binder concrete structures

SA TS 199:2023 provides requirements and guidance for the design and construction of geopolymer concrete (GPC) and alkali-activated binder concrete (AABC) building structures and members that contain reinforcing steel or tendons, or both.
Published: 05/05/2023
Pages: 101
Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
About this publication
1 Scope and general
1.1 Scope
1.2 Normative references
1.3 Terms and definitions
1.4 Notation
2 Specification and supply of geopolymer and alkali-activated binder concrete
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Specification
2.2.1 General
2.2.2 Basic parameters
2.2.3 Additional performance requirements
2.3 Supply
2.3.1 Plant and equipment
2.3.2 Batching
2.3.3 Placing and finishing
2.3.4 Formwork, release agents and bond breakers
2.3.5 Curing
2.3.6 Health and safety
3 Design procedures, actions and loads
3.1 Design procedures
3.1.1 Design for strength and serviceability
3.1.2 Design for earthquake actions
3.1.3 Design for robustness
3.1.4 Design for durability and fire resistance
3.1.5 Material properties
3.2 Design for strength
3.3 Design for serviceability
4 Design properties of materials
4.1 Properties of concrete
4.1.1 Strength Characteristic compressive strength Mean in situ compressive strength Tensile strength
4.1.2 Modulus of elasticity
4.1.3 Density
4.1.4 Stress-strain curves
4.1.5 Poisson’s ratio
4.1.6 Coefficient of thermal expansion
4.1.7 Shrinkage
4.1.8 Creep General Basic creep coefficient Design creep coefficient
4.2 Properties of reinforcement
4.3 Properties of tendons
4.4 Loss of prestress in tendons
5 Design for durability
5.1 General
5.2 Method of design for durability
5.3 Exposure classification
5.4 Requirements for A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2 concrete
5.4.1 Minimum strength and curing requirements
5.4.2 Control of alkali cation leaching and efflorescence
5.5 Requirements for concrete for exposure classification U
5.6 Atmospheric carbonation
5.6.1 Performance requirements for atmospheric carbonation
5.6.2 Accelerated testing protocol for carbonation
5.6.3 Performance-based requirements for carbonation
5.7 Concrete structures in aggressive soils
5.7.1 Sulfate attack
5.7.2 Acidic environments
5.7.3 Saline soils
5.8 GPC and AABC structures in marine environments
5.9 GPC and AABC structures in sewage and wastewater environments
5.10 Alkali aggregate reactivity (AAR)
5.11 Freezing and thawing
5.12 Abrasion
5.13 Restrictions on chemical content in concrete
5.14 Requirements for cover to reinforcing steel and tendons
5.14.1 General
5.14.2 Cover for concrete placement
5.14.3 Cover for corrosion protection
5.14.4 Cast on or against ground
5.14.5 Structural members manufactured by spinning or rolling
5.14.6 Embedded items cover
6 Design for fire resistance
7 Design for strength
7.1 Strength in bending and combined bending and axial force
7.1.1 General
7.1.2 Strength of a cross-section
7.1.3 Simplified stress block
7.1.4 Dispersion angle of prestress
7.1.5 Design strength in bending
7.1.6 Minimum strength requirements General Prestressed beams at transfer
7.2 Shear strength of beams and one-way slab systems
7.3 Strength of members in torsion
7.4 Design of short columns
7.5 Design of slender columns
7.5.1 General
7.5.2 Moment magnifier for a braced column
7.5.3 Moment magnifier for an unbraced column
8 Field testing of geopolymer and alkali-activated binder concrete binder systems
8.1 Introduction
8.2 In situ testing and core sampling
8.2.1 General
8.2.2 Campbellfield (VIC)
8.2.3 Toowoomba (QLD)
8.2.4 Lake King (WA)
8.2.5 Portland (VIC)
8.3 Monitoring of long-term performance
8.3.1 Wellcamp Business Park (Toowoomba, QLD)
8.3.2 Port Macquarie (NSW) and Rocky Point (QLD)
8.3.3 North Head wastewater treatment plant (Manly, NSW)
8.3.4 Pavement in Wyndham Street (Alexandria, NSW)
8.3.5 Rocla sewer pipe (Toowoomba, QLD)
8.4 Case studies
8.4.1 General
8.4.2 Wellcamp Airport, Toowoomba, Qld
8.4.3 Pinkenba Wharf, Brisbane, Qld
8.4.4 Global Change Institute (GPCI) building, Brisbane, QLD
8.4.5 Greener Graves, Canberra
8.4.6 Cowies Creek Bridges at Deppeler Park, Geelong, VIC
8.5 Concluding remarks
Appendix A
A.1 General
A.2 Testing
A.3 Records
A.4 Report
Cited references in this standard
Standard Guide for Petrographic Examination of Aggregates for Concrete
EN 13295
Products and systems for the protection and repair of concrete structures - Test methods - Determination of resistance to carbonation
Bridge design, Part 5: Concrete
Concrete structures — Commentary (Supplement 1 to AS 3600:2018)
Specification and supply of concrete - Commentary (Supplement 1 to AS 1379-2007)
Content history
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