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AS/NZS ISO 8124.1:2023

[Current]

Safety of toys, Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties

AS/NZS ISO 8124.1:2023 identically adopts ISO 8124.1:2022, which specifies acceptable criteria for structural characteristics and properties of toys for their safe use, taking into account normal use and reasonably foreseeable abuse, by children up to the age of 14 years.
Published: 24/02/2023
Pages: 152
Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
Header
About this publication
Preface
Foreword
Introduction
1 ​Scope
2 ​Normative references
3 ​Terms and definitions
4 ​Requirements
4.1 ​General
4.1.1 ​Normal use (see E.2)
4.1.2 ​Location of warnings
4.2 ​Reasonably foreseeable abuse (see E.3)
4.3 ​Material
4.3.1 ​Material quality (see E.4)
4.3.2 ​Expanding materials (see E.5)
4.4 ​Small parts
4.4.1 ​For children under 36 months (see E.6)
4.4.2 ​For children 36 months and over but under 72 months
4.5 ​Shape, size and strength of certain toys (see E.7)
4.5.1 ​Squeeze toys, rattles, fasteners and certain other toys and components of toys
4.5.1.1 ​General
4.5.1.2 ​Squeeze toys, rattles and certain other toys and components of toys
4.5.1.3 ​Other toys or components of toys with nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared or dome-shaped ends of toys having a mass less than 0,5 kg and intended for children under 18 months (see E.7)
4.5.1.4 ​Toy fasteners (e.g. nails, bolts, screws and pegs) with nearly spherical, hemispherical or dome-shaped ends intended for children 18 months and over but under 48 months (see E.7)
4.5.2 ​Small balls
4.5.3 ​Pompoms (see E.8)
4.5.4 ​Pre-school play figures (see E.9)
4.5.5 ​Toy pacifiers
4.5.6 ​Balloons
4.5.7 ​Marbles
4.5.8 ​Hemispheric-shaped toys (see E.41)
4.6 ​Edges (see E.11)
4.6.1 ​Accessible sharp edges of glass or metal
4.6.2 ​Functional sharp edges
4.6.3 ​Edges on metal toys
4.6.4 ​Edges on moulded toys
4.6.5 ​Edges on exposed bolts or threaded rods
4.7 ​Points (see E.12)
4.7.1 ​Accessible sharp points
4.7.2 ​Functional sharp points
4.7.3 ​Wooden toys
4.8 ​Projections
4.8.1 ​General requirements (see E.13)
4.8.2 ​Special considerations for bath toy projections
4.9 ​Metal wires and rods (see E.14)
4.10 ​Plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys (see E.15)
4.11 ​Cords
4.11.1 ​General (see E.16)
4.11.2 ​Cords in toys intended for children under 18 months
4.11.2.1 ​Cords with the potential to tangle
4.11.2.2 ​Other cords
4.11.3 ​Cords in toys intended for children 18 months and over but under 36 months
4.11.3.1 ​Cords with the potential to tangle
4.11.3.2 ​Other cords
4.11.3.3 ​Other cords without a free end
4.11.4 ​Fixed loops and nooses intended for children under 36 months
4.11.5 ​Cords on pull toys
4.11.6 ​Electrical cables
4.11.7 ​Diameter of certain cords intended for children under 36 months
4.11.8 ​Self-retracting cords intended for children under 36 months
4.11.9 ​Toys attached to or intended to be strung across, or otherwise attached to, a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage
4.11.9.1 ​Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage
4.11.9.2 ​Toys otherwise intended to be attached to a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage or intended to be suspended over a cot from a wall or ceiling
4.11.10 ​Cords on toy bags
4.11.11 ​Cords, strings and lines for flying toys
4.12 ​Folding mechanisms (see E.17)
4.12.1 ​Toy pushchairs, perambulators and similar toys
4.12.2 ​Other toys with folding mechanisms (see E.18)
4.12.3 ​Hinge-line clearance (see E.19)
4.13 ​Holes, clearances and accessibility of mechanisms
4.13.1 ​Circular holes in rigid materials (see E.20)
4.13.2 ​Accessible clearances for movable segments (see E.21)
4.13.3 ​Chains or belts in ride-on toys (see E.22)
4.13.4 ​Other driving mechanisms (see E.23)
4.13.5 ​Winding keys (see E.24)
4.14 ​Springs (see E.25)
4.15 ​Stability and overload requirements
4.15.1 ​Stability of ride-on toys and seats
4.15.1.1 ​General
4.15.1.2 ​Sideways stability, feet available for stabilization (see E.26)
4.15.1.3 ​Sideways stability, feet unavailable for stabilization (see E.26)
4.15.1.4 ​Fore and aft stability (see E.27)
4.15.2 ​Overload requirements for ride-on toys and seats (see E.28)
4.15.3 ​Stability of stationary floor toys (see E.29)
4.16 ​Enclosures (see E.30)
4.16.1 ​Ventilation
4.16.2 ​Closures
4.16.2.1 ​Lids, doors and similar devices
4.16.2.2 ​Lid support for toy chests and similar toys
4.16.3 ​Toys that enclose the head
4.17 ​Items that cover the face and simulated protective equipment (see E.31)
4.18 ​Projectile toys (see E.32)
4.18.1 ​General
4.18.2 ​Projectiles
4.18.3 ​Projectile toys with stored energy
4.18.4 ​Projectile toys without stored energy
4.18.4.1 ​General
4.18.4.2 ​Mouth-actuated projectile toys
4.18.4.3 ​Projectiles in the form of a dart
4.18.4.4 ​Arrows (e.g. bow and arrow set)
4.19 ​Flying toys (see E.33)
4.19.1 ​General
4.19.2 ​Rotor blades on flying toys
4.19.3 ​Rotor blades on remote-controlled flying toys
4.20 ​Aquatic toys (see E.34)
4.21 ​Braking (see E.35)
4.22 ​Toy bicycles (see 4.13.3 and E.36)
4.22.1 ​General
4.22.2 ​Instructions for use
4.22.3 ​Determination of maximum saddle height
4.22.4 ​Braking requirements
4.23 ​Speed limitation of electrically driven ride-on toys (see E.37)
4.24 ​Toys containing a heat source
4.25 ​Liquid-filled toys (see E.38)
4.26 ​Mouth-actuated toys (see E.39)
4.27 ​Toy roller skates, toy inline skates and toy skateboards
4.28 ​Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys (see E.40)
4.29 ​Acoustic requirements (see E.42)
4.30 ​Toy scooters (see E.44)
4.30.1 ​General
4.30.2 ​Warnings and instructions for use
4.30.3 ​Strength
4.30.4 ​Stability
4.30.5 ​Adjustable and folding steering tubes and handlebars
4.30.6 ​Braking
4.30.7 ​Wheel size
4.30.8 ​Projections (see E.13)
4.31 ​Magnets and magnetic components (see E.45)
4.31.1 General
4.31.2 ​Magnetic or electrical experimental sets intended for children 8 years and over
4.31.3 ​All other toys with magnets and magnetic components
4.32 ​Yo-yo balls (see E.46)
4.33 ​Straps intended to be worn fully or partially around the neck (see E.47)
4.34 ​Sledges and toboggans with cords for pulling
4.35 ​Jaw entrapment in handles and steering wheels (see E.48)
4.35.1
4.35.2
4.35.3
4.36 ​Assembly
4.36.1 ​General
4.36.2 ​Toys intended to be assembled by a child
4.36.3 ​Toys intended to be assembled by an adult
4.36.4 ​Toys that are intended to be disassembled between uses
4.37 ​Functional toys
4.38 ​Toys intended to come into contact with food
4.39 ​Inflatable toys
5 ​Test methods
5.1 ​General
5.2 ​Small parts test
5.3 ​Test for shape and size of certain toys
5.4 ​Small balls test
5.5 ​Test for pompoms
5.6 ​Test for pre-school play figures
5.7 ​Accessibility of a part or component
5.7.1 ​General
5.7.2 ​Principle
5.7.3 ​Apparatus
5.7.3.1
5.7.4 ​Procedure
5.8 ​Sharp-edge test
5.8.1 ​General
5.8.2 ​Principle
5.8.3 ​Apparatus
5.8.3.1
5.8.3.2
5.8.3.3
5.8.4 ​Procedure
5.9 ​Sharp-point test
5.9.1 ​General
5.9.2 ​Principle
5.9.3 ​Apparatus
5.9.3.1
5.9.4 ​Procedure
5.10 ​Determination of thickness of plastic film and sheeting
5.10.1 ​General
5.10.2 ​Apparatus
5.10.3 ​Procedure
5.11 ​Test for cords
5.11.1 ​Cord cross-sectional dimension
5.11.2 ​Length of cords and electrical cables
5.11.2.1 ​General
5.11.2.2 ​Free lengths of cords and electrical cables
5.11.2.3 ​Tangled loops of length of cords
5.11.3 ​Breakaway feature separation test
5.11.4 ​Test for fixed loops and nooses
5.11.4.1 ​General
5.11.4.2 ​Head probe push test
5.11.4.3 ​Elastic materials
5.11.5 ​Self-retracting cords
5.11.6 ​Electrical resistance of cords
5.12 ​Stability and overload tests
5.12.1 ​General
5.12.2 ​Sideways stability test, feet available for stabilization
5.12.3 ​Sideways stability test, feet unavailable for stabilization
5.12.4 ​Fore and aft stability test
5.12.5 ​Overload test for ride-on toys and seats
5.12.6 ​Stability test of stationary floor toys
5.13 ​Test for closures and toy chest lids
5.13.1 ​Closures
5.13.2 ​Toy chest lids
5.13.2.1 General
5.13.2.2 ​Lid support
5.13.2.3 ​Durability test for toy chest lids
5.14 ​Impact test for toys that cover the face
5.15 ​Kinetic energy and wall impact test (see 4.18)
5.15.1 ​Kinetic energy of projectiles
5.15.1.1 ​Principle
5.15.1.2 ​Apparatus
5.15.1.3 ​Procedure
5.15.1.3.1 ​Determination of velocity
5.15.1.3.2 ​Determination of kinetic energy
5.15.1.3.3 ​Determination of kinetic energy per area of contact
5.15.2 ​Wall impact test for projectiles
5.16 ​Freewheeling facility and brake performance test
5.16.1 ​Determination of freewheeling facility
5.16.2 ​Brake performance for mechanically or electrically powered ride-on toys other than toy bicycles
5.16.3 ​Brake performance for toy bicycles
5.17 ​Determination of speed of electrically driven ride-on toys
5.18 ​Determination of temperature increases
5.19 ​Leakage of liquid-filled toys
5.20 ​Durability of mouth-actuated toys
5.21 ​Expanding materials
5.22 ​Folding or sliding mechanisms
5.22.1 ​Loads
5.22.2 ​Toy pushchairs and perambulators
5.22.3 ​Other toys with folding mechanisms
5.23 ​Washable toys
5.24 ​Reasonably foreseeable abuse tests
5.24.1 ​General
5.24.2 ​Drop test
5.24.3 ​Tip-over test for large and bulky toys (see E.3)
5.24.4 ​Dynamic strength test for wheeled ride-on toys other than toy scooters
5.24.5 ​Torque test
5.24.6 ​Tension test
5.24.6.1 ​General procedure
5.24.6.2 ​Tension test for seams in soft-filled (stuffed) toys, beanbag-type toys and other similar filled toys
5.24.6.3 ​Tension test for pompoms
5.24.6.4 ​Tension test for protective components
5.24.6.5 ​Tension test for a projectile with a suction cup
5.24.6.6 ​Perpendicular tension test for rotor blades
5.24.6.7 ​Tension test for rotor blades
5.24.7 ​Compression test
5.24.8 ​Flexure test
5.24.8.1 ​General
5.24.8.2 ​Wires and other metallic components intended to be bent
5.24.8.3 ​Wires likely to be bent
5.25 ​Determination of sound pressure levels
5.25.1 ​General test conditions
5.25.1.1 ​General
5.25.1.2 ​Test environment
5.25.1.3 ​Instrumentation
5.25.1.4 ​Microphone positions
5.25.1.5 ​Toy operation
5.25.2 ​Specific test methods
5.25.2.1 ​Close-to-the-ear toys
5.25.2.2 ​Floor, tabletop and crib toys
5.25.2.3 ​Hand-held toys other than rattles
5.25.2.4 ​Rattles
5.25.2.5 ​Pull or push toys
5.25.2.6 ​Cap firing toys
5.26 ​Static strength for toy scooters
5.27 ​Dynamic strength for toy scooters
5.27.1 ​Principle
5.27.2 ​Load
5.27.3 ​Procedure
5.28 ​Brake performance for toy scooters
5.28.1 ​General
5.28.2 ​Toy scooters with handbrake
5.28.3 ​Toy scooters with foot brake
5.29 ​Strength of toy scooter steering tubes
5.29.1 ​General
5.29.2 ​Resistance to downward forces
5.29.3 ​Resistance to upward forces
5.30 ​Resistance to separation of handlebar
5.31 ​Tension test for magnets
5.31.1 ​Principle
5.31.2 ​Toys with magnets or magnetic components
5.31.3 ​Toys that contain one magnet only and a mating metal component
5.31.4 ​Toys that contain one magnet only and no mating metal component
5.31.4.1 ​Apparatus
5.31.4.2 ​Procedure
5.32 ​Magnetic flux index
5.32.1 ​General
5.32.2 ​Principle
5.32.3 ​Apparatus
5.32.3.1
5.32.3.2
5.32.4 ​Procedure
5.32.4.1 ​Measurement of flux density
5.32.4.2 ​Measurement and calculation of the pole surface area
5.32.5 ​Calculation of magnetic flux index
5.33 ​Impact test for magnets
5.34 ​Soaking test for magnets
5.35 ​Determination of projectile range
5.36 ​Tip assessment of rigid projectiles
5.37 ​Length of suction cup projectiles
5.38 ​Yo-yo ball measurements
5.38.1 ​Measurement of elastic constant, k
5.38.2 ​Measurement of initial length, l0
5.39 ​Jaw entrapment test
Annex A
A.1 ​General
A.2 ​Criteria for establishing age grades
A.3 ​Resources for establishing age grades
A.4 ​Safety considerations of age grading
A.4.1 ​General
A.4.2 ​Toys appropriate for children under 3 years of age
A.4.3 ​Toys not appropriate for children under 3 years of age
A.4.4 ​Toys for children aged 8 years and over
A.5 ​Descriptive age-labelling
Annex B
B.1 ​General
B.2 ​Safety-labelling guidelines
B.2.1 ​Good practice for visibility and legibility
B.2.2 ​Age grading
B.2.3 ​Toys that are small parts, toys containing small parts and toys with removable small part components
B.2.4 ​Balloons
B.2.5 ​Small balls and marbles
B.2.6 ​Aquatic toys
B.2.7 ​Toys intended to come into contact with food
B.2.8 ​Toys intended to be assembled by an adult
B.2.9 ​Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage
B.2.10 ​Simulated protective equipment
B.2.11 ​Toys with functional sharp edges and functional sharp points
B.2.12 ​Functional toys
B.2.13 ​Toy roller skates, toy inline skates and toy skateboards
B.2.14 ​Toy kites
B.2.15 ​Toy bicycles
B.2.16 ​Percussion caps
B.2.17 ​Toys which produce high peak sound pressure levels
B.2.18 ​Toy scooters
B.2.19 ​Magnetic or electrical experimental sets for children 8 years and over
B.2.20 ​Toys with electrical cables exceeding 300 mm in length
B.2.21 ​Cords in toys intended for children 18 months and over but under 36 months
B.2.22 ​Sledges and toboggans with cords for pulling
B.2.23 ​Toys intended to be attached to a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage or intended to be suspended over a cot from a wall or ceiling
B.2.24 ​Flying toys
B.3 ​Instructional literature
B.3.1 ​Information and instructions
B.3.2 ​Crib and playpen toys and mobiles
B.3.3 ​Crib gyms and similar toys
B.3.4 ​Toy chests
B.3.5 ​Liquid-filled teethers and liquid-filled teething toys
B.3.6 ​Toys intended to be assembled by an adult
B.3.7 ​Projectile toys
B.3.8 ​Toy bicycles
B.3.9 ​Toy scooters
B.3.10 ​Remote-controlled flying toys
B.4 ​Manufacturer's markings
Annex C
C.1 ​General
C.2 ​Guidelines
Annex D
D.1 ​Purpose
D.2 ​General
D.3 ​Markings
Annex E
E.1 ​Purpose
E.2 ​Normal use
E.3 ​Reasonably foreseeable abuse
E.4 ​Material quality
E.5 ​Expanding materials
E.6 ​Small parts
E.7 ​Shape, size and strength of certain toys
E.8 ​Pompoms
E.9 ​Pre-school play figures
E.10 ​Balloons
E.11 ​Edges
E.12 ​Points
E.13 ​Projections
E.14 ​Metal wires and rods
E.15 ​Plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys
E.16 ​Cords in toys
E.17 ​Toy pushchairs, perambulators and similar toys
E.18 ​Other toys with folding mechanisms
E.19 ​Hinge-line clearance
E.20 ​Circular holes in rigid materials
E.21 ​Accessible clearances for movable segments
E.22 ​Chains or belts in ride-on toys
E.23 ​Other driving mechanisms
E.24 ​Winding keys
E.25 ​Springs
E.26 ​Sideways stability requirement
E.27 ​Fore and aft stability
E.28 ​Overload requirements for ride-on toys and seats
E.29 ​Stability of stationary floor toys
E.30 ​Enclosures
E.31 ​Simulated protective equipment such as helmets, hats and goggles
E.32 ​Projectile toys
E.33 ​Flying toys
E.34 ​Aquatic toys
E.35 ​Braking
E.36 ​Toy bicycles
E.37 ​Speed limitation of electrically driven ride-on toys
E.38 ​Liquid-filled toys
E.39 ​Mouth-actuated toys
E.40 ​Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys
E.41 ​Hemispheric-shaped toys
E.42 ​Acoustic requirements
E.43 ​Age-break terminology
E.44 ​Toy scooters
E.45 ​Magnets
E.46 ​Yo-yo balls
E.47 ​Straps intended to be worn fully or partially around the neck
E.48 ​Jaw entrapment in handles and steering wheels
Annex F
Annex G
Bibliography
Cited references in this standard
[Current]
Electroacoustics - Sound level meters - Part 1: Specifications
[Current]
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Surface texture: Profile — Part 2: Terms, definitions and surface texture parameters
[Current]
Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental corrections — AMENDMENT 1
[Current]
Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections
[Current]
Metallic materials — Rockwell hardness test — Part 1: Test method
Content history
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