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AS 5340:2020


Livestock loading/unloading ramps and forcing pens

Sets out requirements for loading/unloading ramps and forcing pens to enable persons to safely load and unload livestock from vehicles used to transport them, and ensure the welfare of livestock and the safety of livestock handlers.
Published: 20/11/2020
Pages: 37
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Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
About this publication
1 Scope and general
1.1 Scope
1.2 Normative references
1.3 Terms and definitions
2 Design
2.1 General
2.2 Vehicle access
2.2.1 General
2.2.2 Traffic flow
2.2.3 Approach
2.2.4 Ramp alignment with livestock crate
2.3 Ramp surfaces and angle
2.3.1 Ramp surfaces
2.3.2 Ramp angle
2.4 Ramps, height of sidewalls and internal width
2.5 Ramp side infills
2.6 Adjustable ramps
2.6.1 Prevention of ramp free-fall
2.7 Supports and structural integrity
2.8 Cattle crushes
2.9 Forcing pens
2.10 Gates, latches, hinges, and chains
2.10.1 General
2.10.2 Slam shut latches
2.10.3 Throw gates in forcing pens
2.10.4 Gate hinges
2.10.5 Chains
2.11 Guards
2.12 Headroom
2.13 Walkways, ladders, steps and platforms
2.14 End of ramp buffers, extensions, and bridging flaps
2.14.1 Bumpers and end of ramp buffers
2.14.2 Gap infills
2.14.3 Bridging flaps
2.15 Winches, and loadbearing fixing points
2.16 Personnel access
2.16.1 General access
2.16.2 Access to the livestock crate door pin
2.16.3 Ramp entry/exit gates
2.17 Signage
2.17.1 General
2.17.2 Site-specific
2.17.3 Adjustable ramps
2.18 Supporting infrastructure
2.19 Lighting
3 Materials
3.1 General
3.2 Steel
3.3 Fasteners
3.4 Welding
3.5 Concrete
3.6 Weather resistance
4 Maintenance
4.1 General
4.2 Lifting equipment and mechanical safety locks
5 Health and safety
6 Animal welfare
Appendix A
A.1 General
A.2 Single-deck and multi-deck designs
Appendix B
B.1 Identifying the hazards
B.2 Assessing and controlling risks
B.3 Critical control points for livestock ramps and forcing pens
Appendix C
Appendix D
D.1 Rear loading
D.2 Side loading
Cited references in this standard
Cold-formed structural steel hollow sections
Safety signs for the occupational environment
Specification and Supply of concrete
[Pending Revision]
Cranes (including hoists and winches), Part 2: Serial hoists and winches
Steel tubes for mechanical purposes
Content history
DR AS 5340:2020