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AS 3533.1-2009

[Pending Revision]

Amusement rides and devices, Part 1: Design and construction

Specifies requirements for the design, manufacture and construction of fixed and portable amusement rides and devices. Includes a classification system for rides and devices.
Published: 31/07/2009
Pages: 112
Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
About this publication
1 Scope and general
1.1 Scope
1.2 Referenced documents
1.3 Definitions
2 Design
2.1 Classification
2.1.1 General
2.1.2 Speed
2.1.3 Height
2.1.4 Acceleration factor
2.1.5 Dynamic product
2.1.6 Intrinsic safety
2.2 Hazard identification, risk assessment and control of risk
2.3 Loads
2.3.1 General
2.3.2 Dead loads
2.3.3 Live loads
2.3.4 Working loads
2.3.5 Wind loads General Self-generated wind Environmental wind Fixed location rides and devices Mobile rides and devices
2.3.6 Seismic (earthquake) loadings Fixed rides and devices Mobile rides and devices
2.3.7 Transport loads General Strength Fatigue
2.3.8 Other special loadings
2.3.9 Load combinations
2.4 Basis of design
2.4.1 General
2.4.2 Structural design General Design methodologies—Structural
2.4.3 Mechanical design General Design methodologies—Mechanical Fail-safe systems
2.4.4 Inspection matters for consideration by the designer
2.4.5 Deflection
2.5 Stability
2.5.1 General
2.5.2 Overturning
2.5.3 Lateral sliding
2.6 Structural materials
2.6.1 General
2.6.2 Identification
2.6.3 Bolted connections General Shear joints Tensile joints Combined shear and tensile joints Use of dissimilar materials Prevention against loosening Stress corrosion cracking Complete specifications
2.6.4 Tracks
2.6.5 Glass-fibre-reinforced plastics
2.6.6 Wire rope—Structural
2.6.7 Combustibility
2.7 Ancillary materials
2.8 Containment and restraints
2.8.1 General Application Risk assessment Provision of restraints to counter the effects of acceleration and seat inclination
2.8.2 Restraint criteria General Area 1 Area 2 Area 3 Area 4 Area 5 Secondary restraints for Type 5
2.8.3 Other containment and restraint considerations
2.8.4 Enclosure criteria
2.8.5 General design requirements Components of the restraint system Patron comfort and entrapment hazards Manual release Lateral accelerations
2.8.6 Latching and locking of restraints and enclosures General Variable position restraints Fixed restraints Design of latches and locks Mechanical latches Trapped fluid devices Electrical and magnetic locks
2.8.7 Confirmation of status General Systems for confirmation
2.8.8 Interlocking of restraints—Design, reliability and integrity
2.8.9 Structure, fixings and fastenings
2.8.10 Seatbelts General Retractors Anchorages Buckles and tabs Waterborne rides Buckles—Flip-release
2.9 Facilities for operators and attendants
2.10 Braking
2.11 Elevating mechanisms
2.11.1 General
2.11.2 Hydraulic systems
2.11.3 Pneumatic systems
2.11.4 Wire rope systems
2.12 Rides and devices within buildings
2.12.1 General
2.12.2 Fire alarm
2.12.3 Loss of power
2.13 Protection from fire and fumes
3 Manufacture and construction
3.1 Quality assurance
3.2 Vehicle finish and identification
3.2.1 Vehicle finish
3.2.2 Vehicle identification
3.3 Propelling machinery
3.3.1 General
3.3.2 Overspeed/underspeed
3.3.3 Manual winding facility
3.4 Lightning protection
3.4.1 Criteria for lightning protection
3.4.2 Design requirements
3.5 Combustibility of materials
3.5.1 Construction materials
3.5.2 Exit routes
3.5.3 Fire detection
3.6 Hydraulic equipment
3.6.1 General
3.6.2 Safety features
3.6.3 Accumulators
3.6.4 Filters and strainers
3.6.5 Hydraulic control equipment
3.6.6 Hydraulic systems
3.6.7 Reservoirs
3.6.8 Installation
3.6.9 Marking
3.7 Pneumatic equipment
3.7.1 General
3.7.2 Safety features
3.7.3 Filters
3.7.4 Lubricators
3.7.5 Pneumatic control equipment
3.7.6 Pneumatic systems
3.7.7 Receivers
3.7.8 Installation
3.7.9 Marking
3.8 Steam, hot water and heated air equipment
3.8.1 Steam and hot water associated with amusement devices
3.8.2 Hot air associated with amusement devices
3.9 Electrical requirements
3.9.1 General
3.9.2 High voltage
3.9.3 Low voltage
3.9.4 Extra-low voltage
3.9.5 Switchboards and switch panels
3.9.6 Isolating switch
3.9.7 Electric power supply to moving parts and to socket-outlets below 2.4 m
3.9.8 Specific requirements for all electrical installations
3.9.9 Equipment connected by a flexible cord and plug
3.9.10 Requirements for electric power supply to coin-operated amusement devices
3.9.11 Requirements for electrical installations with electrified metallic grid
3.9.12 Emergency lighting
3.9.13 Devices with water pools
3.9.14 Earthing
3.10 Controls and indicators
3.10.1 General
3.10.2 Emergency stop controls
3.11 Operator control stations
3.11.1 Location
3.11.2 Equipment
3.11.3 Visual indicators
3.11.4 Public address system and monitoring
3.12 Suspended vehicles and suspension joints
3.13 Suspension ropes and chains
3.14 Fences, handrails, guards and temporary barriers
3.14.1 General
3.14.2 Fences
3.14.3 Guards
3.14.4 Temporary barriers
3.15 Entry and exit gates and controls
3.16 Walkways, steps and platforms
3.17 Clearances
3.17.1 General
3.17.2 Totally enclosed patrons
3.17.3 Open vehicle, restrained patrons
3.17.4 Open vehicle, unrestrained patrons
3.17.5 Exceptions
3.18 Walk-through amusements
3.19 Evacuation
4 Testing
4.1 General
4.2 Load test
4.3 Out-of-balance test
4.4 Hydraulic or pneumatic system test
4.5 Electrical test
4.6 Certification
4.7 Device registration and logging of tests
5 Specific requirements
5.1 General
5.2 Aquatic amusement devices
5.2.1 Safety requirements
5.2.2 Water slides
5.2.3 Aquatic toboggan rides incorporating a water stop
5.3 Waterborne rides
5.3.1 Log or boat flume rides Log or boat Flume Elevating system Run‑out
5.3.2 Raft rides Raft Flume
5.4 Coin‑operated amusement devices
5.4.1 General
5.4.2 Operation
5.4.3 Guarding and protection
5.5 Dodgem cars
5.6 ‘Text deleted’
5.7 Ferrari 500-type karts and tracks
5.7.1 General
5.7.2 Karts
5.7.3 Tracks for ferrari 500-type karts
5.8 Toboggans (land-based)
5.8.1 Haulage return systems
5.8.2 Structural requirements
5.8.3 Toboggan design
5.8.4 Automatic speed controls
5.8.5 Site information
5.8.6 Site preparation and track layout
5.9 Trains
5.9.1 Classification and general requirements
5.9.2 Fixed location tracked trains Tracks, rails and points Locomotives, power cars and controls Carriages
5.9.3 Transportable tracked trains Tracks, rails and points Trains Carriages
5.9.4 Trackless trains Design grades (slopes, longitudinal and transverse) Couplings and safety chains Brakes Steering Drawbar capacity Centre of gravity Use of spring suspension Additional safety features Other traffic
5.10 Amusement devices incorporating elastic suspension systems
5.10.1 General
5.10.2 Operating zone
5.10.3 Bungy jumping
5.10.4 Other elastic suspension systems
5.11 Air-cushioned vehicles
5.11.1 General
5.11.2 Vehicle design
5.11.3 Patron protection
5.12 Flying foxes
5.12.1 General
5.12.2 Location
5.12.3 Site preparation
5.12.4 Structural requirements
5.13 Parasailing
5.13.1 General
5.13.2 Requirements
5.14 Cable waterskiing
5.15 Mini bikes and mini bike tracks
5.15.1 General
5.15.2 Barriers
5.15.3 Throttle controls
5.15.4 Guarding
5.15.5 Fuel tanks
5.15.6 Vehicle identification
5.15.7 Speed limit
5.16 Dry slides
6 Information
6.1 Instructions
6.2 Data
7 Marking
7.1 General
7.2 Identification plate
7.3 Additional information
Appendix A
A1 Introduction
A2 Registration or notification of amusement ride and device designs
A3 Registration of amusement devices
A4 Modification and alterations
A5 Notification of change of ownership
A6 Commonwealth government authority
A7 State and territory government authorities
A7.1 Australian Capital Territory
A7.2 New South Wales
A7.3 Northern Territory
A7.4 Queensland
A7.5 South Australia
A7.6 Tasmania
A7.7 Victoria
A7.8 Western Australia
Appendix B
Appendix C
C1 General
C2 Common fail-safe systems
C2.1 Emergency stop systems
C2.2 Fail-safe brake
C2.3 Structural elements
C2.4 Ratchet locks
Appendix D
D1 Definitions
D2 Vectors of acceleration
D3 Effects of long duration +Gz acceleration
D4 Effects of long duration –Gz acceleration
D5 Factors influencing human tolerance to acceleration
D6 Acceleration tolerance of the human body
D6.1 General
D6.2 Time limits
D6.3 Restraints
Appendix E
E1 Scope
E2 Classification system
E3 Intrinsic safety
E3.1 Characteristics involved in intrinsic safety
E3.2 Patron support systems in vehicles
E3.3 Suspension systems and their connections
E3.4 Patron restraint structures
E3.5 Patron restraint locking devices
E3.6 Overspeed control
E3.7 Emergency stopping control
E3.8 Reaction on loss of power
E3.9 Electrical protection
E3.10 Uncontrolled patron-determined movement
Appendix F
F1 General
F2 Design and analysis
F3 Inspection and repair
Appendix G
G1 Introduction
G2 Basis for the risk assessment
G3 Application of risk assessment flow chart
G3.1 Ejection force factor, F
G3.2 Panic factor, P
G3.3 Height factor, H
G3.4 Velocity, V
G3.5 Patron restraint factor, R
Appendix H
Appendix I
Amendment control sheet
Cited references in this standard
Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets — Selection and location
Short-link chain for lifting purposes
[Pending Revision]
Amusement rides and devices, Part 3: In-service inspection
Boilers — Safety management and supervision systems
[Pending Revision]
Steel wire rope — Use, operation and maintenance
Content history
[Pending Revision]
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