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AS 1851-2005

[Available Superseded]

Maintenance of Fire Protection Systems and Equipment

Sets out requirements for inspection, test, preventive maintenance and survey of fire protection systems and equipment.
Published: 05/09/2005
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Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
Header
About this publication
Preface
Foreword
1 Scope and general
1.1 Scope
1.2 Objective
1.3 Application
1.4 Referenced documents
1.5 Definitions
1.6 Abbreviations
1.7 Maintenance process
1.7.1 General
1.7.2 Stage 1
1.7.3 Stage 2
1.7.4 Stage 3
1.7.5 Stage 4
1.8 Maintenance program
1.9 Design, installation and commissioning Standards
1.10 Competent persons
1.11 Frequency and tolerances of maintenance intervals
1.12 Systems interface
1.13 Aggressive environments
1.14 System inoperative precautions
1.15 Documentation
1.15.1 General
1.15.2 Maintenance records
1.15.3 Form of records
1.15.4 Defect rectification and reporting
1.15.4.1 General
1.15.4.2 Critical defects
1.15.4.3 Non-critical defects
1.15.4.4 Defect reports
1.15.5 Condition reports
1.16 Transitional arrangements
2 Automatic fire sprinkler systems
2.1 General
2.2 Procedures and precautions
2.2.1 Weekly inspection, test and preventive maintenance
2.2.1.1 General
2.2.1.2 Residential and domestic
2.2.1.3 Pumpsets
2.2.2 Systems interface
2.2.3 Design and installation survey
2.2.4 System inoperative precautions
2.2.5 Maintenance records
2.2.6 Logbook
2.2.7 Reports
2.3 Frequency
2.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
2.4.1 General systems
2.4.1.1 Inspection and records
2.4.1.2 Test and records
2.4.1.3 Preventive maintenance and records
2.4.1.4 Survey and records
2.4.2 Residential and domestic systems
2.4.2.1 Inspection and records
2.4.2.2 Test and records
2.4.2.3 Preventive maintenance and records
2.4.2.4 Survey and records
2.4.3 Dry pipe systems
2.4.3.1 Inspection and records
2.4.3.2 Test and records
2.4.3.3 Preventive maintenance and records
2.4.3.4 Survey and records
2.4.4 Deluge and water spray systems
2.4.4.1 Inspection and records
2.4.4.2 Test and records
2.4.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
2.4.4.4 Survey and records
2.4.5 Pre-action systems
2.4.5.1 Inspection and records
2.4.5.2 Test and records
2.4.5.3 Preventive maintenance and records
2.4.5.4 Survey and records
2.4.6 Tail-end systems
2.4.7 Drenchers (wall wetting)
3 Fire pumpsets
3.1 General
3.2 Procedures and precautions
3.2.1 Weekly inspection and test of compression ignition engine-driven pumpset systems
3.2.2 System inoperative precautions
3.2.3 Domestic sprinkler systems
3.2.4 Isolation start devices
3.2.5 Maintenance records
3.2.6 Logbooks
3.2.7 Reports
3.3 Frequency
3.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance and records schedules
3.4.1 Inspection and records
3.4.1.1 General sprinkler, hydrant, hose reel and pressure maintenance/jacking pumpsets
3.4.1.2 Residential sprinkler pumpsets
3.4.2 Test and records
3.4.2.1 General sprinkler, residential sprinkler and hydrant pumpsets
3.4.2.2 Hose reel and automatic pressure maintenance/jacking pumpsets
3.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
4 Fire hydrant systems
4.1 General
4.2 Procedures and precautions
4.2.1 Design and installation survey
4.2.2 System inoperative precautions
4.2.3 Maintenance records
4.2.4 Logbooks
4.2.5 Reports
4.2.6 Maintenance record tag or label
4.2.7 Systems interface
4.3 Frequency
4.3.1 General
4.3.2 Fire hydrant pumpsets
4.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance and records schedules
4.4.1 Inspection and records
4.4.2 Test and records
4.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
4.4.4 Survey and records
5 Delivery lay flat fire hose
5.1 General
5.2 Procedures and precautions
5.2.1 Defects and repairs
5.2.2 Condemned hose
5.2.3 After-use procedures
5.2.4 Identification
5.2.5 Maintenance records
5.2.5.1 Records system
5.2.5.2 Logbooks
5.2.5.3 Maintenance record tag
5.2.5.4 Reports
5.3 Frequency
5.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance and records schedules
5.4.1 Inspection and records
5.4.2 Test and records
5.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
6 Fire detection systems
6.1 General
6.2 Procedures and precautions
6.2.1 Design and installation survey
6.2.2 Systems interface
6.2.3 Maintenance records
6.2.4 Logbooks
6.2.5 Reports
6.3 Frequency
6.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
6.4.1 Inspection and records
6.4.2 Test and records
6.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
6.4.4 Survey and records
7 Smoke alarms and heat alarms
7.1 General
7.2 Procedures and precautions
7.2.1 Design and installation survey
7.2.2 Systems interface
7.2.3 Maintenance records
7.2.4 Logbooks
7.2.5 Reports
7.3 Frequency
7.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
7.4.1 Inspection and records
7.4.2 Test and records
7.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
7.4.4 Survey and records
8 Fire alarm monitoring systems
8.1 General
8.2 Procedures and precautions
8.2.1 General
8.2.2 Maintenance records
8.2.3 Logbooks
8.2.4 Reports
8.3 Frequency
8.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
8.4.1 Inspection and records
8.4.2 Test and records
9 Sound systems for emergency purposes
9.1 General
9.2 Procedures and precautions
9.2.1 Notification
9.2.2 Design and installation survey
9.2.3 Maintenance records
9.2.4 Logbooks
9.2.5 Reports
9.3 Frequency
9.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
9.4.1 Inspection and records
9.4.2 Test and records
9.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
9.4.4 Survey and records
10 Intercom systems for emergency purposes
10.1 General
10.2 Procedures and precautions
10.2.1 Notification
10.2.2 Design and installation survey
10.2.3 Maintenance records
10.2.4 Logbooks
10.2.5 Reports
10.3 Frequency
10.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
10.4.1 Inspection and records
10.4.2 Test and records
10.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
10.4.4 Survey and records
11 Gaseous fire extinguishing systems
11.1 General
11.2 Procedures and precautions
11.2.1 Precautions
11.2.2 Design and installation survey
11.2.3 System isolation
11.2.4 Systems interface
11.2.5 Maintenance records
11.2.6 Logbooks
11.2.7 Reports
11.3 Frequency
11.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
11.4.1 Inspection and records
11.4.2 Test and records
11.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
11.4.4 Survey and records
12 Fixed aerosol fire extinguishing systems
12.1 General
12.2 Procedures and precautions
12.2.1 Precautions
12.2.2 Design and installation survey
12.2.3 System isolation
12.2.4 Systems interface
12.2.5 Maintenance records
12.2.6 Logbooks
12.2.7 Reports
12.3 Frequency
12.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
12.4.1 Inspection and records
12.4.2 Test and records
12.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
12.4.4 Survey and records
13 Open nozzle water mist fire extinguishing systems
13.1 General
13.2 Procedures and precautions
13.2.1 Precautions
13.2.2 Design and installation survey
13.2.3 System isolation
13.2.4 Systems interface
13.2.5 Maintenance records
13.2.6 Logbooks
13.2.7 Reports
13.3 Frequency
13.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
13.4.1 Inspection and records
13.4.2 Test and records
13.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
13.4.4 Survey and records
14 Fire hose reels
14.1 General
14.2 Procedures and precautions
14.2.1 Service labels
14.2.2 Design and installation survey
14.2.3 Isolation valves and backflow prevention devices
14.2.4 Pumps
14.2.5 ‘After-use’ procedure
14.2.6 Systems interface
14.2.7 Location records
14.2.7.1 Location
14.2.7.2 Identification
14.2.8 Maintenance records
14.2.8.1 General
14.2.8.2 Records system
14.2.8.3 Maintenance record tag or label
14.2.9 Reports
14.3 Frequency
14.4 Inspection, test, survey and records schedules
14.4.1 Inspection and records
14.4.2 Test and records
14.4.3 Survey and records
15 Portable and wheeled fire extinguishers
15.1 General
15.2 Procedures and precautions
15.2.1 Aggressive environment
15.2.2 Design and installation survey
15.2.3 Cylinder lining
15.2.4 Water quality
15.2.5 Corrosion
15.2.6 Exceptions
15.2.7 Pressure test marking
15.2.8 Service labels
15.2.9 Defects
15.2.10 Recharging agent
15.2.11 Powder mixing precautions
15.2.12 Vaporizing liquid extinguishers
15.2.13 Extinguisher recharging
15.2.14 Location records
15.2.14.1 Location
15.2.14.2 Identification
15.2.15 Maintenance records
15.2.15.1 General
15.2.15.2 Records system
15.2.15.3 Maintenance record tag or label
15.2.16 Reports
15.3 Frequency
15.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
15.4.1 Inspection and records
15.4.2 Test and records
15.4.3 Preventive maintenance and records
15.4.4 Survey and records
16 Fire blankets
16.1 General
16.2 Procedures and precautions
16.2.1 Installation and signage
16.2.2 ‘After use’ procedures
16.2.3 Service labels
16.2.4 Identification
16.2.5 Maintenance records
16.2.5.1 General
16.2.5.2 Records system
16.2.5.3 Maintenance record tag or label
16.2.6 Reports
16.3 Frequency
16.4 Inspection and records schedule
17 Passive fire and smoke containment systems
17.1 General
17.2 Procedures and precautions
17.2.1 Application
17.2.2 High-use and aggressive environments
17.2.3 Design and installation survey
17.2.3.1 General
17.2.3.2 Compartmentation integrity
17.2.3.3 Structural fire integrity
17.2.4 Marking, labelling, tagging and signage
17.2.4.1 Fire doors
17.2.4.2 Compartment barriers and penetrations
17.2.4.3 Structural steel elements
17.2.5 Maintenance records
17.2.5.1 General
17.2.5.2 Logbooks
17.2.6 Reports
17.3 Frequency
17.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedules
17.4.1 Fire and smoke barriers—Vertical and horizontal
17.4.1.1 Walls
17.4.1.2 Floors
17.4.1.3 Ceilings
17.4.1.4 Bulkheads
17.4.2 Structural fire-resistance elements—Beams, columns, trusses
17.4.3 Fire doorsets
17.4.3.1 Hinged and pivoted fire-resistant doorsets
17.4.3.2 Horizontal sliding doors
17.4.4 Smoke doors—Hinged and pivoted
17.4.5 Fire shutters
17.4.6 Fire-rated glazing
17.4.7 Access panels and ceiling hatches
17.4.7.1 Access panels
17.4.7.2 Ceiling hatches
17.4.8 Ducts and dampers
17.4.8.1 Ducts
17.4.8.2 Dampers
17.4.9 Fire stopping—Services penetrations and control joints
17.4.9.1 Electrical services penetrations
17.4.9.2 Hydraulic (plumbing) services penetrations
17.4.9.3 Multiple items
17.4.9.4 Control joints and deflection heads
18 Fire and smoke control features of HVAC systems
18.1 General
18.2 Procedures and precautions
18.2.1 Application
18.2.2 Design and installation survey
18.2.3 Dual duty systems
18.2.4 Documentation
18.2.4.1 General
18.2.4.2 Schedule of essential functionality and performance requirements
18.2.4.3 Operating and maintenance manuals
18.2.4.4 Maintenance schedule
18.2.4.5 Plant register
18.2.4.6 Plant history record
18.2.4.7 Diagram(s) of the installation
18.2.5 Maintenance records
18.2.5.1 General
18.2.5.2 Availability of manuals and records
18.2.5.3 Evidence of compliance
18.2.5.4 Logbooks
18.2.6 Reports
18.2.7 Forms for recording maintenance
18.2.8 Skills associated with inspection, test, preventive maintenance and survey
18.2.8.1 General
18.2.8.2 Non-technical (N)
18.2.8.3 Technician (T)
18.2.8.4 Specialist (S)
18.2.8.5 Typical activities and skill sets
18.2.9 Functionality and performance tests
18.3 Frequency
18.4 Inspection, test, preventive maintenance, survey and records schedule
18.4.1 Inspection, preventive maintenance and records
18.4.1.1 Fans and motors—Supply, exhaust spill or return air used in day-to-day operation
18.4.1.2 Fans and motors—Dedicated to fire mode duty only
18.4.1.3 Fire dampers—Including intumescent dampers
18.4.1.4 Smoke dampers
18.4.1.5 Air control dampers—Recycle air, relief air, smoke spill and outdoor air
18.4.1.6 Air control dampers—Supply, return and exhaust air
18.4.1.7 Automatic smoke and heat vents
18.4.1.8 Smoke curtains
18.4.1.9 Motorized relief openings—Windows and shutters
18.4.1.10 Electric heaters—Duct or unit mounted
18.4.1.11 Kitchen exhaust systems
18.4.1.12 Outdoor air intakes
18.4.1.13 Variable frequency inverters (VFIs)
18.4.1.14 Pneumatic compressor/receiver station
18.4.1.15 Motor control centres
18.4.1.16 Power supplies—Main switchboards (medium voltage)
18.4.1.17 Fire fan control panel (FFCP) and fire indicator panel (FIP)
18.4.2 Test and records
18.4.2.1 Fire-isolated exit pressurization systems
18.4.2.2 System changeover under fire condition
18.4.2.3 Smoke exhaust systems
18.4.2.4 System shutdown
18.4.2.5 Smoke dampers
18.4.3 Survey and records
18.4.3.1 Design and installation survey—Active fire and smoke control systems
18.4.3.2 Design and installation survey—Motorized relief openings—Windows and shutters
18.4.3.3 Design and installation survey—Smoke reservoirs
19 Emergency evacuation procedures
19.1 General
19.2 Procedures and precautions
19.2.1 Inspection, checking and test
19.2.2 Records
19.2.3 Reporting
19.2.4 Prior arrangements
19.3 Frequency
19.4 Verification of systems elements
19.4.1 General
19.4.2 Verification and records
Appendix A
Appendix B
B1 Introduction
B2 Personal competencies
B3 Competence of organizations
B4 Regulatory requirements
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G
G1 General
G2 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Evacuation routes and paths and records
G3 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Emergency response and firefighting equipment and records
G4 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Alarms, communication, detection and suppression systems and records
G5 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—ECO & emergency procedures and records
G6 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Housekeeping and records
G7 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Emergency evacuation procedures documentation and records
G8 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Training and records
G9 Verification of emergency evacuation equipment and facilities—Emergency evacuation procedures monitoring and records
G10 Verification of emergency evacuation procedures and records
Amendment control sheet
Cited references in this standard
Content history
[Current]
[Available Superseded]
[Available Superseded]
[Superseded]