AS 1530.4-2005


Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures, Part 4: Fire-resistance test of elements of construction

Included in NCC Primary References Historical Editions, Supplements and Amendments Set
Sets out test procedures and criteria for the determination of fire-resistance of elements of building construction. Follows the basic principles and provisions contained in ISO 834.
Published: 09/09/2005
Pages: 154
Table of contents
Cited references
Content history
Table of contents
About this publication
1 Scope and general
1.1 Scope
1.2 Objective
1.3 Principle
1.4 Application
1.4.1 Fire hazard assessment
1.5 Normative references
1.6 Definitions
1.7 Linear dimensions
1.8 Uncertainty of measurement of fire resistance
1.9 Safety precautions
2 General requirements
2.1 Furnace linings
2.2 Measurement of temperature
2.2.1 Thermocouples
2.2.2 Furnace temperature measurement General Number and location of thermocouples Thermocouple arrangement
2.2.3 Measurement of temperature on elements providing a separating function Thermocouples Attachment of thermocouples Positioning of the thermocouples Roving thermocouples
2.2.4 Thermocouples for structurally critical temperatures
2.3 Measurement of time
2.4 Measurement of deflection
2.5 Measurement of received total heat flux
2.5.1 General
2.5.2 Positioning of radiometer
2.5.3 Procedure General Specific locations Measurement data
2.6 Measurement of integrity
2.6.1 Cotton pad
2.6.2 Gap gauges
2.7 Accuracy of measuring equipment
2.8 Test specimen
2.8.1 Verification
2.8.2 Size
2.8.3 Form and composition
2.8.4 Properties of materials
2.8.5 Conditioning
2.8.6 Specimen clearances inside the furnace
2.8.7 Specimen orientation
2.9 Loading and restraint
2.9.1 General
2.9.2 Determination of test load
2.9.3 Application of restraint
2.10 Test procedure
2.10.1 Standard heating conditions
2.10.2 Control of furnace temperature Measurement Accuracy of control
2.10.3 Furnace pressure differential General Vertical elements Horizontal elements
2.10.4 Deviation from required test condition
2.10.5 Duration of test
2.11 Measurements, observations and records
2.11.1 General
2.11.2 Structural adequacy
2.11.3 Integrity
2.11.4 Insulation
2.11.5 Structurally critical temperatures
2.11.6 Additional observations
2.11.7 Computation of radiant heat reflux
2.12 Criteria of failure
2.12.1 Structural adequacy (load-bearing capacity)
2.12.2 Integrity General Cotton pad Gap gauges Flaming
2.12.3 Insulation
2.12.4 Radiation
2.13 Test results
2.14 Determination of fire resistance level (FRL)
2.15 Reporting results
2.15.1 General
2.15.2 Test report
2.15.3 Regulatory information report
2.15.4 Test certificate
3 Walls—Vertical separating elements
3.1 General
3.1.1 Application
3.1.2 Vertical separating elements
3.2 Test specimen
3.2.1 General
3.2.2 Size
3.2.3 Construction Configuration Prefabricated walls Masonry walls Framed walls
3.3 Instrumentation
3.3.1 Measurement of temperature General Average temperature measurement Maximum temperature—General Maximum temperature—Load-bearing Maximum temperature—Non-load-bearing Inside wall temperatures
3.3.2 Measurement of deflection General Measurement of horizontal deflection—Both load-bearing and non-load-bearing Measurement of vertical deflection—Load-bearing only
3.4 Loading
3.4.1 General
3.4.2 Vertical load
3.4.3 Method of loading
3.4.4 Loading frame
3.4.5 Loading system
3.5 Specimen orientation
3.5.1 Fire resistance from either direction
3.5.2 Fire resistance from one direction
3.6 Measurements and observations
3.7 Criteria of failure
3.8 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
4 Floors, roofs and ceilings horizontal separating elements
4.1 General
4.1.1 Application
4.1.2 Horizontal separating elements
4.2 Types of horizontal separating elements
4.3 Test specimen
4.3.1 General
4.3.2 Size
4.3.3 Floor systems
4.3.4 Floor-ceiling systems
4.3.5 Roof systems
4.3.6 Roof-ceiling systems
4.3.7 Ceiling systems
4.3.8 Ceiling systems for resistance to the incipient spread of fire
4.3.9 Ceiling systems for protection of structural members
4.3.10 Construction General Ceilings Ceiling systems providing resistance to incipient spread of fire Ceiling systems providing protection of structural members
4.4 Instrumentation
4.4.1 Measurement of temperature
4.4.2 Temperature measurement of the unexposed specimen surface General Thermocouples for measuring the average temperature rise Thermocouples for measuring the maximum temperature rise
4.4.3 Temperature measurement of structural elements Reinforced or prestressed concrete elements Beams, joists, girders or truss elements Temperature measurement for resistance to incipient spread of fire
4.4.4 Measurement of deflection
4.5 Loading
4.5.1 Loading of suspension devices
4.5.2 Load distribution
4.6 Restraint
4.6.1 General
4.6.2 Horizontal separating elements
4.6.3 Simply supported constructions
4.6.4 Sealing of gaps
4.7 Specimen orientation
4.8 Measurements and observations
4.9 Criteria of failure
4.10 Test results
4.11 Permissible variation to the tested specimen
4.11.1 General
4.11.2 Self-supporting ceilings Size Fixtures
4.11.3 Suspended ceilings Size Fixtures
4.11.4 Ceiling for protection of structural members Size Fixtures
4.12 Test report
5 Columns
5.1 General
5.2 Test specimen size
5.3 Instrumentation
5.3.1 Thermocouples for structurally critical temperatures
5.3.2 Deflection measurement
5.4 Loading and restraint
5.4.1 Axial loading
5.4.2 Loading of specimens subject to temperature-measurement procedures
5.5 Test procedure
5.6 Observations
5.6.1 Displacement
5.6.2 Structurally critical temperatures
5.7 Criteria of failure
5.8 Determination of fire resistance
5.9 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
6 Beams, girders and trusses
6.1 General
6.2 Test specimen
6.2.1 Size
6.2.2 Beams to be incorporated in concrete roof or floor systems
6.3 Instrumentation
6.3.1 Thermocouples for structurally critical temperatures General Steel elements Reinforced and prestressed concrete elements Elements other than steel or concrete
6.3.2 Deflection measurement
6.4 Loading and restraint
6.4.1 General
6.4.2 Loading Beams to be incorporated in concrete roof or floor systems Loading of specimens subject to temperature-measurement procedures
6.5 Test procedure
6.6 Observations
6.6.1 Structurally critical temperatures
6.6.2 Deflection
6.7 Criteria of failure—Structural acequacy
6.8 Determination of fire resistance
6.9 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
7 Doorsets and shutter assemblies
7.1 General
7.2 Test specimen
7.2.1 General
7.2.2 Number of specimens Side-hung doors Sliding doorsets and shutters Vision panel
7.2.3 Size
7.2.4 Installation
7.2.5 Function
7.2.6 Clearance gap measurements
7.2.7 Final setting
7.3 Instrumentation
7.3.1 Heat flux meter
7.3.2 Thermocouples General Non-insulated Location Maximum temperature Positioning of thermocouples
7.3.3 Deflection-measuring equipment
7.4 Test procedure
7.4.1 General
7.4.2 Roving thermocouple
7.4.3 Monitoring for integrity
7.5 Observations
7.5.1 Average temperature of unexposed face of door leaf or shutter
7.5.2 Maximum temperature of unexposed face of leaf or shutter or side/over panels
7.5.3 Maximum temperature of unexposed face of frame
7.5.4 Maximum temperature of unexposed face of surrounding element
7.5.5 Cracks and openings
7.5.6 Deflections
7.5.7 Disengagement of the latching mechanism
7.5.8 Heat flux measurements
7.6 Criteria of failure
7.6.1 General
7.6.2 Integrity Determination Side-hung doorsets
7.6.3 Insulation General Mean temperature rise (temperature on unexposed face of specimen) Maximum temperature rise Radiation
7.7 Determination of fire resistance
7.8 Test report
7.9 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
7.9.1 General
7.9.2 Decrease in size of opening
7.9.3 Door leaf
7.9.4 Doorframe
7.9.5 Wall of masonry or concrete construction
7.9.6 Fixings
7.9.7 Hardware
7.9.8 Shutters
8 Uninsulated glazing
8.1 General
8.2 Test specimen
8.2.1 General
8.2.2 Size of specimen
8.2.3 Number of specimens General Horizontal or inclined specimens
8.2.4 Test construction Specimen holder Other instances Test specimen
8.2.5 Installation of the specimen Specimen holder Connections, fixings and junction Restraint
8.3 Instrumentation
8.3.1 Heat flux meter
8.3.2 Deflection measurement
8.4 Test procedure
8.5 Criteria of failure
8.6 Determination of fire resistance
8.7 Test report
8.8 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
9 Air ducts
9.1 General
9.2 Test specimen
9.2.1 Length
9.2.2 Cross-section
9.2.3 Construction
9.2.4 Mounting
9.3 Positioning of thermocouples
9.3.1 External fire testing
9.3.2 Internal fire testing Gas temperatures inside the duct Insulation measurement
9.4 Procedure
9.4.1 External fire testing
9.4.2 Internal fire testing
9.5 Observations
9.5.1 Structural adequacy
9.5.2 Integrity
9.5.3 Temperatures
9.5.4 Cross-sectional area
9.6 Criteria of failure
9.6.1 Structural adequacy
9.6.2 Integrity
9.6.3 Insulation
9.7 Test report
9.8 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
10 Service penetrations and control joints
10.1 General
10.2 Test limitations
10.3 Purpose of test
10.4 Test specimen
10.4.1 General
10.4.2 Size
10.4.3 Test mounting General Vertical elements Horizontal elements
10.4.4 Supporting construction
10.4.5 Service end conditions
10.4.6 Electrical and communications systems Electrical and communication cables Conduits Busbars and busways Optical fibres
10.5 Positioning of thermocouples
10.5.1 Unexposed face thermocouples
10.5.2 Multiple penetration systems
10.5.3 Control joints
10.6 Integrity
10.7 Insulation
10.7.1 General
10.7.2 Cable penetrations
10.8 Test procedure
10.8.1 General
10.8.2 Pressure conditions
10.8.3 Integrity
10.8.4 Insulation
10.8.5 Additional observations
10.9 Criteria of failure
10.9.1 Penetrated element
10.9.2 Penetrating service Integrity Insulation
10.9.3 Multiple penetrations
10.10 Test report
10.11 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
10.11.1 General
10.11.2 Separating elements
10.11.3 Metal pipes Sealing systems tested in accordance with Appendix E Sealing systems not tested in accordance with Appendix E Shape and size of openings for penetration seals Insulated (lagged) metal pipes Alternative pipe materials
10.11.4 Electrical and communication cable
10.11.5 Plastic pipes General Services not perpendicular to the fire separation
10.11.6 Control joints
11 Fire damper and air transfer grille assemblies
11.1 General
11.2 Test method
11.2.1 General
11.2.2 Principles of the test
11.3 Apparatus
11.3.1 General
11.3.2 Connecting duct
11.3.3 Flow-measuring station
11.3.4 Exhaust fan system
11.3.5 Instrumentation for measuring and recording the furnace temperature
11.3.6 Instrumentation for measuring and recording surface temperature
11.3.7 Instrumentation for measuring pressure differential between the furnace and the connecting duct
11.3.8 Gap gauges and cotton pad
11.4 Test construction
11.4.1 General
11.4.2 Side to be tested
11.4.3 Dampers installed in both walls and floors
11.4.4 Dampers installed within a structural opening
11.4.5 Dampers mounted onto face of wall or floor
11.4.6 Dampers remote from wall or floor Within the furnace Outside the furnace
11.4.7 Minimum separation between dampers
11.4.8 Thermal release mechanism
11.4.9 Size of specimen
11.4.10 Specimen installation
11.5 Test
11.5.1 Determination of background leakage of connecting duct and measuring station
11.5.2 Combined fire and leakage test Test set-up During the test
11.6 Criteria of failure
11.6.1 Penetrated element
11.6.2 Damper assembly Integrity Insulation Leakage
11.7 Test report
11.8 Test construction
11.9 Permissible variations to the tested specimen
11.9.1 Size of fire damper
11.9.2 Fire dampers installed within structural openings
11.9.3 Fire dampers mounted onto the face of a wall or floor
11.9.4 Fire dampers remote from a wall or floor
11.9.5 Damper separation
11.9.6 Supporting constructions
12 Critical services
12.1 General
12.2 Test specimen
12.3 Apparatus and instrumentation
12.4 Principle
12.5 Procedure
12.6 Criteria of failure
12.7 Reporting of results
12.8 Variations to the tested specimen
Appendix A
A1 Scope
A2 General
A3 Intensity of radiant heat flux
A4 Configuration factor
A5 Estimating safe distance
Appendix B
B1 Scope
B2 Alternative heating regimes
B3 Additional measurements
B4 Supplementary test methods
B5 Hydrocarbon curve
B5.1 General
B5.2 Expression of temperature-time curve
B5.3 Tolerances
B5.4 Expression of results
B6 Slow heating establishment phase fire
B6.1 General
B6.2 Expression of temperature-time curve—Slow-heating establishment phase fire for barrier systems
B6.3 Tolerances
B6.4 Expression of results
B7 Test procedure for elements exposed to radiant heat
B7.1 General
B7.2 General description of the apparatus
B7.3 Instrumentation
B7.3.1 Furnace temperature measurements
B7.3.2 Furnace pressure measurements
B7.3.3 Specimen temperatures
B7.3.4 Radiant heat flux
B7.3.5 Radiant panel thermocouple
B7.4 Test procedure
B7.4.1 Pre-test set-up
B7.4.2 Specimen exposure
B7.4.3 Observations
B7.4.4 Exposure conditions
B7.4.5 Performance criteria
B7.4.6 Reporting
B7.4.7 Expression of results
B8 Radiant heat exposure measurements during fire resistance tests
B9 Furnace plate thermometer measurements for compatibility with ISO 834
B9.1 General
B9.2 Furnace plate thermometer
B10 Furnace plate thermometer positions
B11 Pilot fire test for fire doors
Appendix C
C1 Internal thermocouples
C1.1 General
C1.2 Specification
C1.3 Fixing methods and positioning
C2 Unexposed face thermocouples
C2.1 Positioning
C2.1.1 Flat surfaces
C2.1.2 Irregular surfaces
C2.1.3 Small features
C2.2 Fixing to specific materials
C2.2.1 General
C2.2.2 Steel
C2.2.3 Mineral wool
C2.2.4 Mineral fibre spray
C2.2.5 Vermiculite/cement type spray
C2.2.6 Boards of fibrous or mineral aggregate composition
C2.2.7 Timber
C2.2.8 Surfaces with applied finishes
C2.2.9 Surfaces subject to swelling
Appendix D
D1 Group A cable configurations for evaluation of PVC-insulated power cables
D2 Group B cable configuration for evaluation of large bundles of telecommunication cables
Appendix E
Appendix F
F1 Testing in advance
F2 Compatibility between the doorset and the wall
F3 Pilot tests
Appendix G
G1 General
G2 General considerations for the review of AS 1530.4 including the scope and nature of the revision
G2.1 History and development of AS 1530.4
G2.2 ISO 834
G2.3 Technical barriers to trade
G2.4 Impact on industry and the community
G2.5 Changes in failure (performance) criteria—General
G2.6 Changes in failure (performance) criteria—Fire dampers
G2.7 Impact of the cotton pad test
Cited references in this standard
Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls, Part 2: Fire-resistant roller shutters
Air distribution and air diffusion — Rules to methods of measuring air flow rate in an air handling duct
Electrical installations — Wiring systems for specific applications
Temperature measurement thermocouples
ISO 5167.1
Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure difference devices inserted in circular cross-section running full, Part 1: General principles and requirements
Content history
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